My landlord obligations: what are they?
Introduction to your landlord obligationsLandlord obligations can be tricky. To help, online estate agent easyProperty has gathered this list of crucial landlord obligations.
- Landlord obligations: safety
- Landlord obligations: paperwork
- Landlord obligations: admin
- Landlord obligations: condition and repairs
- How easyProperty can help.
Landlord obligations: safety
Gas safetyLegally, landlords must have a gas safety inspection each year if there’s a gas supply. A copy of the Gas Safety Certificate must be given to tenants. Appliances, installations, pipework, and air vents must be checked to ensure they’re safe to use.
Electrical safetyAll electrical fittings (sockets and lights) must be safe throughout a tenancy. Devices must have a CE mark, too.
A CE mark is the manufacturer’s declaration that the product meets European law.
Fire safetyWhen it comes to fire safety, it’s best to be cautious with your landlord obligations. By law, rentals must have:
- Access to escape routes at all times
- Fire-safe furniture and furnishings
- Fire alarms and carbon monoxide detectors (a fire extinguisher is a good idea, too).
Landlord obligations: paperwork
Deposit protectionIf landlords take a deposit in an Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST), legally they must protect it in a government-backed scheme. This stops rogue landlords and agents keeping funds when they shouldn’t.
Energy performanceLandlords need a valid Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) to legally let a property in the UK. EPCs look at the energy efficiency of a property, and advise how to improve it. Tenants need a copy when they move in. Avoid a £200 fine. Meet your landlord obligations and get a valid EPC for your rental. Or read The Landlords’ Guide to EPCs to learn more.
‘How to Rent’ guideLandlords must give tenants the government guide, ‘How to Rent’, before they move in. It lists landlord obligations and tenants’ rights.
Right to RentLegally, landlords in England must not let to anyone without the ‘Right to Rent’. Landlords who do face a fine of up to £3,000 per tenant, or even imprisonment. The Government has issued a list of commonly available documents landlords can check. You should keep a copy of any document to prove your tenants can live in the UK. For more about your landlord obligations, check out The Landlords’ Guide to ‘Right to Rent’ Checks.
Landlord obligations: admin
Paying taxLandlords must declare rental income to Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC). This means they may have to pay tax. Landlords can be fined if they don’t declare this income.
Licensing and permissionYou must have the freeholder’s consent to rent out the property if you own the leasehold. If the property has a mortgage, you must let your lender know you will rent it. You need landlords’ insurance, too. Find out more in The Landlords’ Guide To Understanding Landlord Insurance.
Landlord obligations: condition and repairsTo meet your landlord obligations, rentals must:
- Be structurally sound and free from major disrepair
- Be free from damp that could harm health
- Have a water supply, good drainage, and a suitably located toilet, a bath or shower, and a wash basin
- Have proper lighting, heating, and ventilation.
- The property’s structure and outside
- Basins, sinks, baths and other sanitary fittings (pipes and drains, too)
- Heating and hot water
- Gas devices, pipes, flues and ventilation
How easyProperty can help with your landlord obligationsKeep up to date with your landlord obligations. Check out easyProperty’s Blog and Knowledge Hub from time to time. Or look at our lettings products for huge savings.
This blog serves as a guide to your landlord obligations. If you’re not sure what to do, please speak to a legal expert.
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